Acetazolamide is a prescription diuretic medication used to treat hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) in horses. HYPP is a genetic muscular disorder causing muscle weakness and tremors, sweating and difficulty breathing. Acetazolamide may also be used to treat glaucoma in cats and dogs.
For: Horses, Cats and Dogs.
Acetazolamide is used to treat hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) in horses. It is also used to treat glaucoma in small animals. Acetazolamide is a diuretic belonging to a class of drugs called carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
How it works: Acetazolamide Tablets are used to treat hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) in horses. This type of periodic paralysis is characterized by hyperkalemia, or an increased level of potassium in the blood. As a diuretic agent, Acetazolamide Tablets work by ridding the body of excess fluid, along with certain minerals including potassium.
Dosage & Administration: Acetazolamide Tablets are given by mouth. May be given with food to decrease stomach upset. Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your veterinarian. If you have difficulty giving the medication, contact your veterinarian. This medication should only be given to the pet for whom it was prescribed.
Possible side effects of Acetazolamide: Side effects in horses are not common. In dogs and cats may see behavior changes, sleepiness or excitability, staggering, confusion, or seizures. May also see anemia, with pale gums, weakness, or lethargy, or may see bleeding tendencies. Rashes may occur, as well as changes in urination and the development of bladder stones. If you notice any of these side effects, contact your veterinarian.
If you miss giving a dose: If you miss a dose, give it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to the regular schedule. Do not give two doses at once.
If you overdose the pet: If you know or suspect your pet has had an overdose, contact your veterinarian immediately.
What should I avoid while giving Acetazolamide to my pet: Avoid fasting or water deprivation in horses taking Acetazolamide. Provide regular feeding and constant access to water. Follow your veterinarian's recommendations on diet. Consult your veterinarian before using acetazolamide with phenytoin, quinidine, procainamide, corticosteroids, amphotericin B, corticotrophin, other diuretics (e.g., furosemide - Salix), insulin, or digoxin, since interactions may occur.